Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications (SIGMA)

SIGMA 17 (2021), 008, 35 pages      arXiv:2005.02837

Pfaffian Point Processes from Free Fermion Algebras: Perfectness and Conditional Measures

Shinji Koshida
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, Kasuga, Bunkyo, Tokyo 112-8551, Japan

Received July 23, 2020, in final form January 16, 2021; Published online January 26, 2021

The analogy between determinantal point processes (DPPs) and free fermionic calculi is well-known. We point out that, from the perspective of free fermionic algebras, Pfaffian point processes (PfPPs) naturally emerge, and show that a positive contraction acting on a ''doubled'' one-particle space with an additional structure defines a unique PfPP. Recently, Olshanski inverted the direction from free fermions to DPPs, proposed a scheme to construct a fermionic state from a quasi-invariant probability measure, and introduced the notion of perfectness of a probability measure. We propose a method to check the perfectness and show that Schur measures are perfect as long as they are quasi-invariant under the action of the symmetric group. We also study conditional measures for PfPPs associated with projection operators. Consequently, we show that the conditional measures are again PfPPs associated with projection operators onto subspaces explicitly described.

Key words: Pfaffian point process; determinantal point process; CAR algebra; quasi-free state.

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