International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences
Volume 21 (1998), Issue 1, Pages 93-96

Algebraic obstructions to sequential convergence in Hausdorrf abelian groups

Bradd Clark and Sharon Cates

University of Southwestern Louisiana, USA

Received 5 June 1996; Revised 10 October 1996

Copyright © 1998 Bradd Clark and Sharon Cates. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Given an abelian group G and a non-trivial sequence in G, when will it be possible to construct a Hausdroff topology on G that allows the sequence to converge? As one might expect of such a naive question, the answer is far too complicated for a simple response. The purpose of this paper is to provide some insights to this question, especially for the integers, the rationals, and any abelian groups containing these groups as subgroups. We show that the sequence of squares in the integers cannot converge to 0 in any Hausdroff group topology. We demonstrate that any sequence in the rationals that satisfies a “sparseness” condition will converge to 0 in uncountably many different Hausdorff group topologies.