Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2004 (2004), Issue 1, Pages 101-111

The dynamics of living and thinking systems, biological networks, and the laws of physics

V. Gontar

International Group for Chaos Studies, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, 1 Hashalom, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel

Received 23 January 2004

Copyright © 2004 V. Gontar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Discrete chaotic dynamics (DCD) of living and thinking systems are presented in a form of networks of interacting agents with the abilities of energy and information exchange. Special dynamical principles followed by the systems of basic discrete time and space difference equations are introduced. Emergent, self-organized behavior of complex living and thinking systems is presented by the different patterns generated by the DCD algorithms. Artificial life and brain systems based on DCD principles and mathematical models are proposed.