Volume 30, pp. 10-25, 2008.

Numerical study of normal pressure distribution in entrance pipe flow

K. Shimomukai and H. Kanda


This paper deals with the computation of pipe flow in the entrance region. The pressure distribution and flow characteristics, particularly the effect of vorticity in the vicinity of the wall, are analyzed for Reynolds numbers (Re) ranging from 500 to 10000. The pressure gradient in the normal or radial direction is caused by the normal component of the curl of vorticity, which decreases as Re increases. It is found, for the first time, that the pressure gradient along the normal direction near the pipe inlet is negative, i.e., the pressure at the wall is lower than that at the central core for Re \(\le\) 5000. This result is beyond the scope of the boundary-layer assumption and contrary to the consequence of Bernoulli's law.

Full Text (PDF) [355 KB], BibTeX

Key words

computational fluid dynamics, numerical analysis

AMS subject classifications

15A15, 15A09, 15A23

Links to the cited ETNA articles

[20]Vol. 23 (2006), pp. 202-218 Kenshu Shimomukai and Hidesada Kanda: Numerical study of normal pressure distribution in entrance flow between parallel plates, I. Finite difference calculations

ETNA articles which cite this article

Vol. 30 (2008), pp. 168-186 Hidesada Kanda: Calculation of minimum critical Reynolds number for laminar-turbulent transition in pipe flows
Vol. 44 (2015), pp. 548-571 Hidesada Kanda: Laminar-turbulent transition in pipe flow: wall effects and critical Reynolds number

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