The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

Alternatively, you can also download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link below.

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Download this PDF file Fullscreen Fullscreen Off


  1. Durrett, R. , Lecture Notes on Particle Systems and Percolation. Wadsworth, Pacific Grove. (1988). Math. Review number MR89h:60157
  2. Durrett, R., Oriented Percolation in two dimensions. The Annals of Probabability. 12, 999-1040, (1984), Math. Review number MR86g:60117
  3. Durrett, R., Ten Lectures on Particle Systems. École d'Été de St. Flour. XXIII Springer, New York, Berlin, (1993). Math. Review number MR96k:60004
  4. Bezuidenhout, C. and Grimmett, G., The critical contact process dies out. The Annals of Probability. 18, 1990, 1462-1482. Math. Review number MR91k:60111
  5. Liggett, T.M. Interacting Particle Systems. Springer, Berlin, New York, (1985).
  6. Shiga, T. , Exponential decay rate of survival probability in a disastrous random environment. Theory of Probability and Related Fields. 108, 1997, 417-439. Math. Review number MR98f:60212

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.