DOCUMENTA MATHEMATICA, Vol. 18 (2013), 249-274

Christof Geiß, Bernard Leclerc, and Jan Schröer

Factorial Cluster Algebras

We show that cluster algebras do not contain non-trivial units and that all cluster variables are irreducible elements. Both statements follow from Fomin and Zelevinsky's Laurent phenomenon. As an application we give a criterion for a cluster algebra to be a factorial algebra. This can be used to construct cluster algebras, which are isomorphic to polynomial rings. We also study various kinds of upper bounds for cluster algebras, and we prove that factorial cluster algebras coincide with their upper bounds.

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary 13F60; Secondary 13F15, 17B37

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