The Jahrbuch Project
Description of the Jahrbuch Project
(Content and Organization of the Project)
1 The editorial procedures
for the JFM database
1.1 The general concept
1.2 The JFM fields
1.3 Enhancement of the data
1.3.1 Editing of the JFM data
by mathematical experts
1.3.2 Editing of the JFM data
2 The digital
in the World Wide Web
of the JFM Project
4.1 The JFM database
4.2 The digital archive
Intention of the JFM Project is to create a digital library for classical
mathematics in the World Wide Web. It consists of a complete electronic catalogue
of the mathematical publications in the time period between 1868 - 1942 (JFM database) and
a digital archive storing the most relevant publications from that period. The two components are linked very closely.
The JFM Project is sponsored by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
(DFG). Therefore the JFM Project will be a free
service for the mathematical community world-wide, as far as costs resulting
from the installation of the system will be concerned .
1 The editorial procedures for the
1.1 The general concept
The first step of the project is the production of a bibliographic database
capturing the content of the JFM. The database should be similar in structure
to the current database Zentralblatt MATH (1931-today).
This will enable searches within the same framework.
It is not enough to bring the JFM in an electronic format. The updating
of information produced more than 50 years ago must involve an editing
of the data. Therefore some additional fields like comments of the experts,
ranking for the selection for scanning, keywords et al are introduced.
The editors of the database gratefully acknowledge that the publisher
of the JFM, de Gruyter Verlag Berlin, was so kind to allow the editors
to store the content of the JFM in the projected database.
1.2 The JFM fields
First the fields which contain the original text of the JFM or derived from it:
Links are noted in the field AB:
Accession number (AN)
The accession number (AN) is derived from the position of the
review in the JFM. It is to be read as: "JFM volume.page.number".
The single partitions are separated by dots.
The volume and the number of the review are two-digit, the page has
four digits. The accession number is unique. AN is the key for the internal and external links.
Author(s) of the publication (AU)
This field contains the name(s) of the author(s) of the publication
as they are stated in the JFM. Some names may be incomplete.
Supplements and further forms of the names can be found in a separate field (AR), see 1.3.2.
The syntax of the presentation of the name will be the same as in the database Zentralblatt
MATH: name, surname of the first author; name, surname of the second author,
and so on.
The following convention is made for collected works: AU contains the name of the author, not the editor.
Title of the publication (TI)
The original information about the title is given here as it is stated
in the JFM. You find different forms of the same title in JFM. First,
the title in JFM is identical with the title of the paper. Second, the
title in JFM contains the original title and a translation of the title,
e.g. AN 47.0547.06. Third, only a translation of the title is given,
e.g. see 48.0822.04. In the last case the user finds a reference to the
original language of the work.
Publication year (PY)
In (PY) the user finds the year of appearance of the publications. Each volume of the JFM normally should
contain all publications that came out in the same year. But there
are some exceptions from this rule, e.g. volume 25 contains mathematical
publications of 1893 and 1894, volume 45 the years 1914 - 1915, volume 46 the years
1916 - 1918, volume 47 the years 1919 and 1920, volume 48 the years 1921 and 1922.
Volume 47 contains the reviews of Russian publications from 1913 - 1922.
Usually publication years of articles are not stated in the JFM: e.g.
Volume 1 specifies the publication year only for books and not for journals.
Therefore we will supply the data: If the JFM contains no entry for
the publication year the corresponding publication year of the JFM will
be given in brackets.
In some cases the JFM contains a reference to the original language of the
article (if the language of the title is different from that).
This information is written down in this field.
The source is very important for retrieval.
The JFM used the following techniques: Every volume of the JFM had a chapter
declaring the abbreviations for sources. These abbreviations changed from
time to time. The field "Source" contains the abbreviation used by the JFM. A new
field (Reformated source (SR), see 1.2.2) will give the complete name of the journal
and possible modifications over the time.
Document type (DT)
In the JFM there are three document types to be found:
This type has different forms; e.g. monographs, series, complete editions
of the publications of famous mathematicians. Books are characterized as
books only indirectly. Normally informations about editor, place of publication, edition, and number of pages are available.
This refers to all publications in journals, which offers a wide variety..
The most articles present research results, but also ceremonial speeches,
necrologues, reports could be found. Journal articles are characterized
by the name of the journal in JFM, the volume and the page numbers.
The dissertations are characterized as such (see e.g. AN 46.0721.01).
Review, Abstract of the publication (AB)
Here the user will get the review as printed in the JFM. The majority
of the reviews is written in German. Sometimes one review is written for two or more articles: e.g. one review for the
AN 01.0022.02 and 01.0022.03. There are also publications
with bibliographic data only in JFM, see e.g. AN 47.0510.01 - AN 47.0510.18.
All reviews in the JFM were not anonymous. There where abbreviations of the names of
the reviewers. A table explaining these abbreviations was given at the beginning or
at the end of each volume. The database field will contain this complete name.
Normally there is exactly one reviewer for a certain publication - exception see
e.g. 54.0698.02. In brackets we find the names of the translators.
Subject headings (SH)
The subject headings provided the only relation between the article
and a systematic view of mathematics.
The subject headings constitute a hierarchical scheme. They are organized
in three layers and they changed over the time. The variations were
very different. New notions and topics arose, e.g. analysis (it was used
for the first time in JFM, volume 46) or functional analysis. Special topics
changed the level during the time, e.g. the stochastics was a subject
heading of first order in volume 1, later the theory of probabilities became
a part of analysis (in volume 46). Other topics were eliminated in the
later volumes of JFM (e.g. the subject heading "Synthetische Geometrie"
or some topics of the applications of Mathematics). The relations between
the principal domains changed, too.
There are different kinds of links in the JFM. There are links
to a joint review of several publications, links to earlier work of the same author, or links to
articles of other authors. Sometimes chapters end with references to other relevant publications
which are reviewed elsewhere in JFM (e.g. volume 54, p. 116).
1.3 The enhancement of the data
Enhancement of the data of the JFM has two parts
At first a general remark: These procedures generally should be done without
consulting the fulltext of the item.
editing by mathematical experts
editing by librarians
More than 100 mathematicians work with the project as voluntary
experts. If you are interested in taking part in the project as a volunteer, please contact the project management.
The Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen will take care
of the librarian part.
1.3.1 Editing of the JFM-data by mathematical
The experts should complement the available data from the mathematical
point of view. This includes
In more detail: The following fields should be checked and handled by the
- classifying with regard to the MSC2000
- allocation of english keywords
1.3.2 Editing of the JFM-data by librarians
Translation of the title (ET)
This field provides an English translation of the title as given in the JFM
This field characterizes the contents of the article as far as
it can be recognized from its title and the review.The keywords are uncontrolled. There is no standard vocabulary (thesaurus).
The keywords will be in English. Keywords in other languages are
added only in cases where no suitable term in English is available.
Classification code (CC)
The Mathematical Subject Classification (2000)
is used to arrange the articles according modern mathematics. There are
some relations to subject headings of the JFM, but as a matter of course these headings
are not convertible into MSC codes by computers.
This field contains information about the importance of the publication judged by the volunteers. The ranking is relevant for the digitization of the complete text. There will be three classes
Evaluation will be decisive for the selection of publications to be stored
in the digital archive. The publications selected for the classes
I and II will be part of the digital archive, if the publishing houses of the journals
- publications of significant importance for the further development
of Mathematics. This class should not contain more than 5% of all publications.
- important publications (not more than 15 %)
- all other publications
Biographic references (BR)
This field will be used if the publications contain additional information
about biographies, correspondence between mathematicians or other historical
Expert's remarks (ER)
The expert may use this field for an annotation to the publication
of any kind. This could be e.g. a verbal description of the importance
of the publication or the references to other developments in mathematics.
Biographical comments are possible too.
These fields will help the user to find the oringinal publications.
References to other forms of the author's name (AR)
This field contains further forms of the name of an author. Different
name forms are well-known already from JFM, e.g. V. Stekloff and W. Stekloff
in JFM 48, p. 1346, the first article on the page (AN 48.1346.01).
Electronic Source of fulltext (EF)
Here the address of the digitized form of the original publication
This covers the signature of the source of the original publication
at the SUB Göttingen. The SUB provides a document delivery service
for these publications.
Reformated Source (SR)
Here additional names of the sources are given, e.g. varying titles
of journals, standard forms of journal titles and corresponding
2 The digital archive
The digital archive will contain most of the relevant mathematical
publications from the period 1868 - 1942. This can be up to 20 % of the
total amount of mathematical publications from this time period or 1.200.000
pages in absolute numbers. The original publications will be scanned (as
gif images) and stored in a document management system. There will no conversion
of the images into text files. All documents will be provided at the SUB
A search in the JFM database is the easiest way for accessing the documents.
As result of a search the user will get the bibliographic data, and:
a hypertext link if the document is available in the digital
a hypertext link to order the document at
the SUB Göttingen
in the World Wide Web
The presentation of the project has two aspects.
The presentation of the JFM database.
The database will accessible at the same server as the database Zentralblatt MATH (EMIS, European Mathematical
Society) and at a server of the SUB Göttingen (possible in some different
presentations).The user will have a form-based interface for the communication
with the database. The presentation
at the EMIS-server will have a similar design as for the database Zentralblatt MATH.
The digital archive will also be accessible in the internet. Suitable forms
for presentation of the original articles will be developed in the project.
4 Organization of the
4.1 The JFM database
The preparation of the JFM database will be done in several steps:
4.2 The digital archive
Keyboarding of the data
The keyboarding of the JFM data will be done by a company. It delivers
the data to the project management in packages. Each package consists of the
online data of a given volume. These data will be the base for the editing
process. The keyboarding of all data should be done over a period of two
years. The collection of volumes of the JFM has more than a total of 70.000
pages and more than a total of 200.000 entries.
The texts will be coded in AMSTeX to provide the suitable formula display.
The data will be stored in a database.
Editing the data
The next step is the editing the data.
Editing the data by mathematical experts
The experts for the JFM Project are well-recommended mathematicians.
The experts may choose their topics of expertise from a given catalogue
of subjects. The project management will divide the sets of the JFM-data
(normally a complete volume) into packages according to this catalogue
and submit these packages to the respective experts. The experts are supposed
to handle their package within a certain period of time. The exchange of
data can happen via e-mail, disc or postal mail
The most efficient method would be the data transfer via e-mail. Most
of the experts have already accepted this data transfer.
Editing the data by the librarians
The librarian part is done simultaneously at the SUB Göttingen.
The digital archive should be created in a time period of 6 years.
This requires the solution of the subsequent problems
Arrangements will have to be made with publishing houses concerning
We hope to get the license providing free access to the electronic
version of most of the important mathematical publications from the period
1868 - 1942.
Technical parameters for creating the digital archive
The scanning parameters will have to be fixed, the document management
system will have to be adapted.
Development of suitable tools for user access to the documents:
The digital archive will contain all kinds of publications. To get
a book over the net is a little bit expensive. A division of books into
smaller portions (e.g. chapters) would be more suitable.
Last modified: 20.7.2000,