Geometry & Topology, Vol. 7 (2003) Paper no. 16, pages 569--613.

Equivariant Euler characteristics and K-homology Euler classes for proper cocompact G-manifolds

Wolfgang Lueck and Jonathan Rosenberg

Abstract. Let G be a countable discrete group and let M be a smooth proper cocompact G-manifold without boundary. The Euler operator defines via Kasparov theory an element, called the equivariant Euler class, in the equivariant K-homology of M. The universal equivariant Euler characteristic of M, which lives in a group U^G(M), counts the equivariant cells of M, taking the component structure of the various fixed point sets into account. We construct a natural homomorphism from U^G(M) to the equivariant KO-homology of M. The main result of this paper says that this map sends the universal equivariant Euler characteristic to the equivariant Euler class. In particular this shows that there are no `higher' equivariant Euler characteristics. We show that, rationally, the equivariant Euler class carries the same information as the collection of the orbifold Euler characteristics of the components of the L-fixed point sets M^L, where L runs through the finite cyclic subgroups of G. However, we give an example of an action of the symmetric group S_3 on the 3-sphere for which the equivariant Euler class has order 2, so there is also some torsion information.

Keywords. Equivariant K-homology, de Rham operator, signature operator, Kasparov theory, equivariant Euler characteristic, fixed sets, cyclic subgroups, Burnside ring, Euler operator, equivariant Euler class, universal equivariant Euler characteristic

AMS subject classification. Primary: 19K33. Secondary: 19K35, 19K56, 19L47, 58J22, 57R91, 57S30, 55P91.

DOI: 10.2140/gt.2003.7.569

E-print: arXiv:math.KT/0208164

Submitted to GT on 2 August 2002. Paper accepted 9 October 2003. Paper published 11 October 2003.

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Wolfgang Lueck and Jonathan Rosenberg
Institut fur Mathematik und Informatik, Westfalische Wilhelms-Universtitat
Einsteinstr. 62, 48149 Munster, Germany
Department of Mathematics, University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742, USA


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