We give a precise characterization for when the models of the tensor product of sketches are structurally isomorphic to the models of either sketch in the models of the other. For each base category K call the just mentioned property (sketch) K-multilinearity. Say that two sketches are K-compatible with respect to base category K just in case in each K-model, the limits for each limit specification in each sketch commute with the colimits for each colimit specification in the other sketch and all limits and colimits are pointwise. Two sketches are K-multilinear if and only if the two sketches are K-compatible. This property then extends to strong Colimits of sketches.
We shall use the technically useful property of limited completeness and completeness of every category of models of sketches. That is, categories of sketch models have all limits commuting with the sketched colimits and and all colimits commuting with the sketched limits. Often used implicitly, the precise statement of this property and its proof appears here.
Keywords: categorical model theory, Ehresmann sketches, data structures.
1991 MSC: 18C10, 68Q65, 03C52, 18A25, 68P05.
Theory and Applications of Categories, Vol. 3, 1997, No. 11, pp 267-277.