Surveys in Mathematics and its Applications

ISSN 1842-6298 (electronic), 1843 - 7265 (print)
Volume 3 (2008), 111 -- 122


Feras Sh. M. Batah, Thekke Variyam Ramanathan and Sharad Damodar Gore

Abstract. A common problem in multiple regression models is multicollinearity, which produces undesirable effects on the least squares estimator. To circumvent this problem, two well known estimation procedures are often suggested in the literature. They are Generalized Ridge Regression (GRR) estimation suggested by Hoerl and Kennard iteb8 and the Jackknifed Ridge Regression (JRR) estimation suggested by Singh et al. iteb13. The GRR estimation leads to a reduction in the sampling variance, whereas, JRR leads to a reduction in the bias. In this paper, we propose a new estimator namely, Modified Jackknife Ridge Regression Estimator (MJR). It is based on the criterion that combines the ideas underlying both the GRR and JRR estimators. We have investigated standard properties of this new estimator. From a simulation study, we find that the new estimator often outperforms the LASSO, and it is superior to both GRR and JRR estimators, using the mean squared error criterion. The conditions under which the MJR estimator is better than the other two competing estimators have been investigated.

2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 62J05; 62J07.
Keywords: Generalized Ridge Regression; Jackknifed Ridge Regression; Mean Squared Error; Modified Jackknife Ridge Regression; Multicollinearity

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Acknowledgement. The first author wishes to thank the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) for the financial support. The authors would like to acknowledge the editor and the referee for their valuable comments, which improved the paper substantially.


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Feras Shaker Mahmood Batah Thekke Variyam Ramanathan
Department of Statistics, University of Pune, India. Department of Statistics,
Department of Mathematics, University of Alanber, Iraq. University of Pune, India.
e-mail: e-mail:

Sharad Damodar Gore
Department of Statistics, University of Pune, India.