Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications (SIGMA)


SIGMA 7 (2011), 082, 35 pages      arXiv:1108.4492      http://dx.doi.org/10.3842/SIGMA.2011.082
Contribution to the Proceedings of the Conference “Symmetries and Integrability of Difference Equations (SIDE-9)”

Discrete-Time Goldfishing

Francesco Calogero
Physics Department, University of Rome ''La Sapienza'', Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma, Italy

Received May 04, 2011, in final form July 29, 2011; Published online August 23, 2011

Abstract
The original continuous-time ''goldfish'' dynamical system is characterized by two neat formulas, the first of which provides the N Newtonian equations of motion of this dynamical system, while the second provides the solution of the corresponding initial-value problem. Several other, more general, solvable dynamical systems ''of goldfish type'' have been identified over time, featuring, in the right-hand (''forces'') side of their Newtonian equations of motion, in addition to other contributions, a velocity-dependent term such as that appearing in the right-hand side of the first formula mentioned above. The solvable character of these models allows detailed analyses of their behavior, which in some cases is quite remarkable (for instance isochronous or asymptotically isochronous). In this paper we introduce and discuss various discrete-time dynamical systems, which are as well solvable, which also display interesting behaviors (including isochrony and asymptotic isochrony) and which reduce to dynamical systems of goldfish type in the limit when the discrete-time independent variable l=0,1,2,... becomes the standard continuous-time independent variable t, 0≤t<∞.

Key words: nonlinear discrete-time dynamical systems; integrable and solvable maps; isochronous discrete-time dynamical systems; discrete-time dynamical systems of goldfish type.

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