Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications (SIGMA)


SIGMA 7 (2011), 080, 8 pages      arXiv:1108.3650      http://dx.doi.org/10.3842/SIGMA.2011.080

The 2-Transitive Transplantable Isospectral Drums

Jeroen Schillewaert a and Koen Thas b
a) Department of Mathematics, Free University of Brussels (ULB), CP 216, Boulevard du Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
b) Department of Mathematics, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, S25, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium

Received December 14, 2010, in final form August 08, 2011; Published online August 18, 2011

Abstract
For Riemannian manifolds there are several examples which are isospectral but not isometric, see e.g. J. Milnor [Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 51 (1964), 542]; in the present paper, we investigate pairs of domains in R2 which are isospectral but not congruent. All known such counter examples to M. Kac's famous question can be constructed by a certain tiling method (''transplantability'') using special linear operator groups which act 2-transitively on certain associated modules. In this paper we prove that if any operator group acts 2-transitively on the associated module, no new counter examples can occur. In fact, the main result is a corollary of a result on Schreier coset graphs of 2-transitive groups.

Key words: isospectrality; drums; Riemannian manifold; doubly transitive group; linear group.

pdf (329 Kb)   tex (14 Kb)

References

  1. Brooks R., Tse R., Isospectral surfaces of small genus, Nagoya Math. J. 107 (1987), 13-24.
  2. Buser P., Isospectral Riemann surfaces, Ann. Inst. Fourier (Grenoble) 36 (1986), 167-192.
  3. Buser P., Conway J., Doyle P., Semmler K.-D., Some planar isospectral domains, Int. Math. Res. Not. 1994 (1994), no. 9, 391-400, arXiv:1005.1839.
  4. Cameron P.J., Finite permutation groups and finite simple groups, Bull. London Math. Soc. 13 (1981), 1-22.
  5. Conway J.H., Curtis R.T., Norton S.P., Parker R.A., Wilson R.A., Atlas of finite groups. Maximal subgroups and ordinary characters for simple groups, with computational assistance from J.G. Thackray, Oxford University Press, Eynsham, 1985.
  6. Dixon J.D., Mortimer B., Permutation groups, Graduate Texts in Mathematics, Vol. 163, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996.
  7. Epkenhans M., Gerstengarbe O., On the Galois number and the minimal degree of doubly transitive groups, Comm. Algebra 28 (2000), 4889-4900.
  8. Giraud O., Finite geometries and diffractive orbits in isospectral billiards, J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 38 (2005), L477-L483, nlin.CD/0503069.
  9. Giraud O., Thas K., Hearing shapes of drums - mathematical and physical aspects of isospectrality, Rev. Modern Phys. 82 (2010), 2213-2255, arXiv:1101.1239.
  10. Gordon C., Webb D., Wolpert S., Isospectral plane domains and surfaces via Riemannian orbifolds, Invent. Math. 110 (1992), 1-22.
  11. Kac M., Can one hear the shape of the drum?, Amer. Math. Monthly 73 (1966), no. 4, part II, 1-23.
  12. Milnor J., Eigenvalues of the Laplace operators on certain manifolds, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 51 (1964), 542.
  13. Okada Y., Shudo A., Equivalence between isospectrality and isolength spectrality for a certain class of planar billiard domains, J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 34 (2001), 5911-5922, nlin.CD/0105068.
  14. Segre B., Lectures on modern geometry, with an appendix by Lucio Lombardo-Radice, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Monografie Matematiche, Vol. 7, Edizioni Cremonese, Rome, 1961.
  15. Sunada T., Riemannian coverings and isospectral manifolds, Ann. of Math. (2) 121 (1980), 169-186.
  16. Thas K., Kac's question, planar isospectral pairs and involutions in projective space, J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 39 (2006), L385-L388.
  17. Thas K., Kac's question, planar isospectral pairs and involutions in projective space. II. Classification of generalized projective isospectral data, J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 39 (2006), 13237-13242.
  18. Thas K., PSLn(q) as operator group of isospectral drums, J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 39 (2006), L673-L675.
  19. Thas K., Classification of transplantable isospectral drums in R2, in preparation.

Previous article   Next article   Contents of Volume 7 (2011)