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MATHEMATICA BOHEMICA, Vol. 125, No. 1, pp. 55-76 (2000)
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# Examples from the calculus of variations

I. Nondegenerate problems

## Jan Chrastina

* Jan Chrastina*, Masaryk University, Janackovo nam. 2a, 662 95 Brno, Czech Republic

**Abstract:**
The criteria of extremality for classical variational integrals depending on several functions of one independent variable and their derivatives of arbitrary orders for constrained, isoperimetrical, degenerate, degenerate constrained, and so on, cases are investigated by means of adapted Poincaré-Cartan forms. Without ambitions on a noble generalizing theory, the main part of the article consists of simple illustrative examples within a somewhat naive point of view in order to obtain results resembling the common Euler-Lagrange, Legendre, Jacobi, and Hilbert-Weierstrass conditions whenever possible and to discuss some modifications necessary in the degenerate case. The inverse and the realization problems are mentioned, too.

**Keywords:** variational integral, critical curve, adjoint module, diffiety, initial form, Poincaré-Cartan form, Lagrange problem, Mayer field, Weierstrass function

**Classification (MSC2000):** 49-01, 49K15, 58A10, 49N45

**Full text of the article:**

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