Journal of Graph Algorithms and Applications
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Special issue on Selected papers from the Twenty-fifth International Symposium on Graph Drawing and Network Visualization, GD 2017
Reconstructing Generalized Staircase Polygons with Uniform Step Length
Vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 431-459, 2018. Regular paper.
Abstract Visibility graph reconstruction, which asks us to construct a polygon that has a given visibility graph, is a fundamental problem with unknown complexity (although visibility graph recognition is known to be in PSPACE). As far as we are aware, the only class of orthogonal polygons that are known to have efficient reconstruction algorithms is the class of orthogonal convex fans (staircase polygons) with uniform step lengths. We show that two classes of uniform step length polygons can be reconstructed efficiently by finding and removing rectangles formed between consecutive convex boundary vertices called tabs. In particular, we give an $O(n^2m)$-time reconstruction algorithm for orthogonally convex polygons, where $n$ and $m$ are the number of vertices and edges in the visibility graph, respectively. We further show that reconstructing a monotone chain of staircases (a histogram) is fixed-parameter tractable, when parameterized on the number of tabs, and polynomially solvable in time $O(n^2m)$ under alignment restrictions. As a consequence of our reconstruction techniques, we also get recognition algorithms for visibility graphs of these classes of polygons with the same running times.
Submitted: November 2017.
Reviewed: January 2018.
Revised: March 2018.
Accepted: April 2018.
Final: May 2018.
Published: September 2018.