Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 987256, 18 pages
Research Article

A Novel Dual-Loop Disturbance Observer-Based Attitude Control for a Space-Based Observation Microsatellite

State Key Laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures, School of Aerospace, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China

Received 10 May 2012; Revised 28 June 2012; Accepted 29 June 2012

Academic Editor: Piermarco Cannarsa

Copyright © 2012 Jian Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aiming at strong coupling and nonlinear dynamic equations for a space-based observation satellite, a sliding mode controller with feed-forward compensation is proposed in this paper. The theorem of moment of momentum is applied to formulate the exact nonlinear dynamic equations of a multibody satellite. On this basis, sliding-mode control-based, dual-loop forward-feed compensation control is used to control the attitude of the space-based observation microsatellite. By comparing with the conventional control method, simulation results demonstrate that the proposed control method has superior performance in terms of suppression from external disturbances and vibration. Better dynamic and static performance indices than the conventional control method are achieved.