Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 829451, 16 pages
Research Article

Combination of Interacting Multiple Models with the Particle Filter for Three-Dimensional Target Tracking in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

1College of Computer and Information, Hohai University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211100, China
2School of Computer Engineering, Nanjing Institute of Technology, Jiangsu 210000, China
3College of Computer Science and Technology, Zhejiang University of Technology, Zhejiang 310023, China

Received 4 October 2012; Accepted 13 November 2012

Academic Editor: Sheng-yong Chen

Copyright © 2012 Xin Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Tracking underwater targets is a focused application area in modern underwater defence systems. Using traditional techniques based on imaging or sensor arrays may be difficult and impractical in some mission-critical systems. Alternatively, the underwater wireless sensor network (UWSN) is able to offer a promising solution. This paper tackles the problem of accurately tracking underwater targets moving through the UWSN environment. This problem is considered nonlinear and non-Gaussian where the present solution methods based on the particle filter technique are powerful and simple to implement. For three-dimensional underwater maneuvering target tracking, the traditional particle filter tracking algorithm may fail to track the targets robustly and accurately. Thus, the interacting multiple model method is combined with the particle filter to cope with uncertainties in target maneuvers. Simulation results show that the proposed method is a promising substitute for the traditional imaging-based or sensor-based approaches.