Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 717085, 14 pages
Research Article

A Cellular Automaton Traffic Flow Model with Advanced Decelerations

College of Traffic and Transportation, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China

Received 1 June 2012; Revised 5 August 2012; Accepted 5 August 2012

Academic Editor: Wuhong Wang

Copyright © 2012 Yingdong Liu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A one-dimensional cellular automaton traffic flow model, which considers the deceleration in advance, is addressed in this paper. The model reflects the situation in the real traffic that drivers usually adjust the current velocity by forecasting its velocities in a short time of future, in order to avoid the sharp deceleration. The fundamental diagram obtained by simulation shows the ability of this model to capture the essential features of traffic flow, for example, synchronized flow, meta-stable state, and phase separation at the high density. Contrasting with the simulation results of the VE model, this model shows a higher maximum flux closer to the measured data, more stability, more efficient dissolving blockage, lower vehicle deceleration, and more reasonable distribution of vehicles. The results indicate that advanced deceleration has an important impact on traffic flow, and this model has some practical significance as the result matching to the actual situation.