Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 347598, 22 pages
Research Article

Nonequilibrium Thermal Dynamic Modeling of Porous Medium Vacuum Drying Process

School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004, China

Received 15 April 2012; Accepted 11 June 2012

Academic Editor: Zhonghua Wu

Copyright © 2012 Zhijun Zhang and Ninghua Kong. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Porous medium vacuum drying is a complicated heat and mass transfer process. Based on the theory of heat and mass transfer, a coupled model for the porous medium vacuum drying process is constructed. The model is implemented and solved using COMSOL software. The water evaporation rate is determined using a nonequilibrium method with the rate constant parameter Kr.  Kr values of 1, 10, 1000, and 10000 are simulated. The effects of vapor pressures of 1000, 5000, and 9000 Pa; initial moistures of 0.6, 0.5, and 0.4 water saturation; heat temperatures of 323, 333, and 343 K; and intrinsic permeability of 10−13, 10−14, and 10−15 m2 are studied. The results facilitate a better understanding of the porous medium vacuum drying process.