Journal of Inequalities and Applications
Volume 1 (1997), Issue 3, Pages 199-222
Small values of polynomials: Cartan, Pólya and others
Department of Mathematics, Witwatersrand University, Wits, 2050, South Africa
Received 20 June 1996
Copyright © 1997 D. S. Lubinsky. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Let be a monic polynomial of degree , and , . A classic lemma of Cartan asserts that the lemniscate can be covered by balls , whose diameters satisfy
For , this shows that has an area at most . Pólya showed in this case that the sharp estimate is . We discuss some of the ramifications of these estimates, as well as some of their close cousins, for example when is normalized to have norm 1 on some circle, and Remez’ inequality.