Journal of Applied Mathematics and Decision Sciences
Volume 2007 (2007), Article ID 83852, 15 pages
Long-Range Dependence in a Cox Process Directed by a Markov Renewal Process
1Centre for Mathematics and its Applications, The Australian National University, ACT 0200, Australia
2Mathematical Institute, University of Wrocław, pl. Grunwaldzki 2/4, Wrocław 50384, Poland
3Department of Electronics, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia
Received 19 June 2007; Accepted 8 August 2007
Academic Editor: Paul Cowpertwait
Copyright © 2007 D. J. Daley et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
A Cox process directed by a stationary random measure has second
moment , where by
stationarity , so long-range dependence (LRD) properties of
coincide with LRD properties of the random measure .
When is determined by a density that depends
on rate parameters and the current state
of an -valued stationary irreducible Markov renewal process (MRP) for
some countable state space (so is a stationary semi-Markov
process on ), the random measure is LRD if and only if each (and then
by irreducibility, every) generic return time of the
process for entries to state has infinite second moment, for which a
necessary and sufficient condition when is finite is that at least
one generic holding time in state , with distribution function (DF), say, has infinite second moment (a simple example shows that this
condition is not necessary when is countably infinite).
Then, has the same Hurst index as the MRP that counts the jumps
of , while as , for finite ,
is the stationary distribution for the embedded jump process
of the MRP, , and
where is the
DF and the mean of the generic return time of the MRP
entries to the state . These two variances are of similar order
for only when each converges to some
-valued constant, say, , for .