Journal of Applied Mathematics and Decision Sciences
Volume 2006 (2006), Article ID 54846, 13 pages

Emergent behaviour: Theory and experimentation using the MANA model

James Moffat, Josephine Smith, and Susan Witty

Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Policy and Capability Studies Department, Ively Road, Farnborough, Hampshire GU14 0LX, UK

Received 25 April 2006; Accepted 15 May 2006

Copyright © 2006 James Moffat et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In a previous paper, we introduced the idea of a scale-free system, and applied this to extend the Lanchester equations of industrial age warfare into the information age, corresponding to the shift towards more self-organising force elements in future conflicts. Here, we present evidence from an agent-based model of conflict (MANA) which supports our theoretical analysis.