Academic Editor: Mamdouh M. El Kady
Copyright © 2013 Linlin Ou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
For model-free time-delay systems, an analytical method is proposed to characterize the stabilizing PID region based on the frequency response data. Such characterization uses linear programming which is computationally efficient. The characteristic parameters of the controller are first extracted from the frequency response data. Subsequently, by employing an extended Hermite-Biehler theorem on quasipolynomials, the stabilizing polygon region with respect to the integral and derivative gains
is described for a given proportional gain
in term of the frequency response data. Simultaneously, the allowable stabilizing range of
is derived such that the complete stabilizing set of the PID controller can be obtained easily. The proposed method avoids the complexity and inaccuracy of the model identification and thus provides a convenient approach for the design and tuning of the PID controller in practice. The advantage of the proposed algorithm lies in that the boundaries of the stabilizing region consist of several simple straight lines, the complete stabilizing set can be obtained efficiently, and it can be implemented automatically in computers.