Copyright © 2013 Xiongfei Zou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This paper introduces a novel neural-network-based approach for extracting some eigenpairs of real normal matrices of order n. Based on the proposed algorithm, the eigenvalues that have the largest and smallest modulus, real parts, or absolute values of imaginary parts can be extracted, respectively, as well as the corresponding eigenvectors. Although the ordinary differential equation on which our proposed algorithm is built is only n-dimensional, it can succeed to extract n-dimensional complex eigenvectors that are indeed 2n-dimensional real vectors. Moreover, we show that extracting eigen-pairs of general real matrices can be reduced to those of real normal matrices by employing the norm-reducing skill. Numerical experiments verified the computational capability of the proposed algorithm.