School of Mathematics and Statistics, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
Copyright © 2013 Jun Shuai and Xuli Han. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Proper orthogonal decomposition is a popular approach for determining the principal spatial structures from the measured data. Generally, model reduction using empirical eigenfunctions (EEFs) can generate a relatively low-dimensional model among all linear expansions. However, the neglectful modes representing only a tiny amount of energy will be crucial in the modeling for certain type of nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs). In this paper, an optimal combination of EEFs is proposed for model reduction of nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs), obtained by the basis function transformation from the initial EEFs. The transformation matrix is derived from straightforward optimization techniques. The present new EEFs can keep the dynamical information of neglectful modes and generate a lower-dimensional and more precise dynamical system for the PDEs. The numerical example shows its effectiveness and feasibility for model reduction of the nonlinear PDEs.