Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 846517, 13 pages
Research Article

Modelling Considerations in the Simulation of Hydrogen Dispersion within Tunnel Structures

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kyushu University, 744, Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan

Received 5 January 2012; Revised 10 March 2012; Accepted 10 March 2012

Academic Editor: M. F. El-Amin

Copyright © 2012 Idris Ismail et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The flow of leaked hydrogen gas in tunnel structures is simulated through a free, open source computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code for incompressible thermal convection flow. A one-fifth scale experimental model of a real tunnel is the target model to be simulated. To achieve this, studies on the effects of different boundary conditions, in particular, the wind speed, are carried out on smaller tunnel structures with the same hydrogen inlet boundary conditions. The results suggest a threshold/limiting value of air speed through tunnel. The target model computed with the most suitable boundary conditions shows some agreement with the experimental ones. A method to compute the buoyancy factor used in the code is also presented.