International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 102489, 32 pages
Review Article

Variational Methods for NLEV Approximation Near a Bifurcation Point

Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche ed Informatiche, Università di Siena, Pian dei Mantellini 44, 53100 Siena, Italy

Received 21 March 2012; Accepted 4 October 2012

Academic Editor: Dorothy Wallace

Copyright © 2012 Raffaele Chiappinelli. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We review some more and less recent results concerning bounds on nonlinear eigenvalues (NLEV) for gradient operators. In particular, we discuss the asymptotic behaviour of NLEV (as the norm of the eigenvector tends to zero) in bifurcation problems from the line of trivial solutions, considering perturbations of linear self-adjoint operators in a Hilbert space. The proofs are based on the Lusternik-Schnirelmann theory of critical points on one side and on the Lyapounov-Schmidt reduction to the relevant finite-dimensional kernel on the other side. The results are applied to some semilinear elliptic operators in bounded domains of . A section reviewing some general facts about eigenvalues of linear and nonlinear operators is included.