International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences
Volume 2004 (2004), Issue 71, Pages 3901-3916
Projective structure and integrable geodesic flows on the extension of Bott-Virasoro group
1S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, JD Block, Sector III, Calcutta 700098, India
2Mathematische Physik, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Technische Universität Claustha, Arnold Sommerfeld Straße 6, Clausthal-Zellerfeld 38678, Germany
Received 22 June 2004
Copyright © 2004 Partha Guha. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This is a sequel to our paper (Lett. Math. Phys. (2000)), triggered from a question posed by Marcel, Ovsienko, and Roger in their paper (1997). In this paper, we show that the multicomponent (or vector) Ito equation, modified dispersive water wave equation, and modified dispersionless long wave equation are the geodesic flows with respect to an metric on the semidirect product space , where is the group of orientation preserving Sobolev diffeomorphisms of the circle. We also study the projective structure associated with the matrix Sturm-Liouville operators on the circle.