Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 7 (2002), Issue 2, Pages 111-119

Trade typhoon over Japan: Turbulence metaphor and spatial production cycles feedback loops of the Japanese economy, 1980–85–90

M. Sonis,1,2,4 G. J. D. Hedwings,1 and Y. Okuyama3

1Regional Economics Applications Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA
2Department of Geography, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan T2100, Israel
3Department of Planning, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
4Department of Geography, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52100, Israel

Received 14 April 2001

Copyright © 2002 M. Sonis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper deals with the turbulence similitude between whirlpool structure of atmosphere disturbances and the spatial production cycles. Such an analogy leads to the production cycles feedback loops superposition analysis of trade feedbacks reflecting the economic phenomena of horizontal and vertical trade specifications. Moreover, the visualization of this process is achieved with the help of coloring the different permutation matrices presenting the hierarchy of production cycles feedback loops. In this manner the qualitative presentation of Japan inter-regional and inter-industry trade, 1980–85–90, is visualized and interpreted.