Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 928704, 15 pages
Research Article

Periodic Solutions for a Semi-Ratio-Dependent Predator-Prey System with Delays on Time Scales

School of Mathematics and Statistics, Henan University of Science and Technology, Henan, Luoyang 471003, China

Received 30 March 2012; Accepted 11 May 2012

Academic Editor: Ugurhan Mugan

Copyright © 2012 Xiaoquan Ding and Gaifang Zhao. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper is devoted to the existence of periodic solutions for a semi-ratio-dependent predator-prey system with time delays on time scales. With the help of a continuation theorem based on coincidence degree theory, we establish necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of periodic solutions. Our results show that for the most monotonic prey growth such as the logistic, the Gilpin, and the Smith growth, and the most celebrated functional responses such as the Holling type, the sigmoidal type, the Ivlev type, the Monod-Haldane type, and the Beddington-DeAngelis type, the system always has at least one periodic solution. Some known results are shown to be special cases of the present paper.