Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society
Volume 2006 (2006), Article ID 86793, 5 pages
Letter to the Editor

A discrete-time interpretation of the Planck-Einstein equation

A. Boyarsky

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Concordia University, Montreal H4B 1R6, QC, Canada

Received 2 July 2006; Accepted 21 August 2006

Copyright © 2006 A. Boyarsky. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An important conclusion of both string theory and loop quantum gravity theory is that space and time are ultimately discrete. A consequence of discrete space is that there is empty space between the basic elements of space. Analogously, there are empty times between the times where time exists. When time does not exist, it is meaningless to consider the existence of the universe. In this note we consider a discrete-time interpretation of the Planck-Einstein equation and draw a curious conclusion about the real age of the universe.