Copyright © 2013 Jian Zheng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
We propose a new method to enhance and extract the retinal vessels. First, we employ a multiscale Hessian-based filter to compute the maximum response of vessel likeness function for each pixel. By this step, blood vessels of different widths are significantly enhanced. Then, we adopt a nonlocal mean filter to suppress the noise of enhanced image and maintain the vessel information at the same time. After that, a radial gradient symmetry transformation is adopted to suppress the nonvessel structures. Finally, an accurate graph-cut segmentation step is performed using the result of previous symmetry transformation as an initial. We test the proposed approach on the publicly available databases: DRIVE. The experimental results show that our method is quite effective.