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Linear latent structure analysis is a new approach for investigation of population heterogeneity using high-dimensional categorical data. In this approach, the population is represented by a distribution of latent vectors, which play the role of heterogeneity variables, and individual characteristics are represented by the expectation of this vector conditional on individual response patterns. Results of the computer experiments demonstrating a good quality of reconstruction of model parameters are described. The heterogeneity distribution estimated from 1999 National Long Term Care Survey (NLTCS) is discussed. A predictive power of the heterogeneity scores on mortality is analysed using vital statistics data linked to NLTCS.