Advances in Difference Equations
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 542073, 13 pages
Research Article

Complete Asymptotic and Bifurcation Analysis for a Difference Equation with Piecewise Constant Control

1Department of Mathematics, Yanbian University, Yanji 133002, China
2Department of Mathematics, Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30043, Taiwan , China

Received 2 June 2010; Revised 8 September 2010; Accepted 14 November 2010

Academic Editor: Ondřej Došlý

Copyright © 2010 Chengmin Hou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We consider a difference equation involving three parameters and a piecewise constant control function with an additional positive threshold 𝜆 . Treating the threshold as a bifurcation parameter that varies between 0 and , we work out a complete asymptotic and bifurcation analysis. Among other things, we show that all solutions either tend to a limit 1-cycle or to a limit 2-cycle and, we find the exact regions of attraction for these cycles depending on the size of the threshold. In particular, we show that when the threshold is either small or large, there is only one corresponding limit 1-cycle which is globally attractive. It is hoped that the results obtained here will be useful in understanding interacting network models involving piecewise constant control functions.