Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 5 (2000), Issue 1, Pages 47-63

A Picard-Maclaurin theorem for initial value PDEs

G. Edgar Parker and James S. Sochacki

Department of Mathematics, James Madison University, Harrisonburg 22807, VA, USA

Received 15 February 1999

Copyright © 2000 G. Edgar Parker and James S. Sochacki. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In 1988, Parker and Sochacki announced a theorem which proved that the Picard iteration, properly modified, generates the Taylor series solution to any ordinary differential equation (ODE) on n with a polynomial generator. In this paper, we present an analogous theorem for partial differential equations (PDEs) with polynomial generators and analytic initial conditions. Since the domain of a solution of a PDE is a subset of n, we identify one component of the domain to achieve the analogy with ODEs. The generator for the PDE must be a polynomial and autonomous with respect to this component, and no partial derivative with respect to this component can appear in the domain of the generator. The initial conditions must be given in the designated component at zero and must be analytic in the nondesignated components. The power series solution of such a PDE, whose existence is guaranteed by the Cauchy theorem, can be generated to arbitrary degree by Picard iteration. As in the ODE case these conditions can be met, for a broad class of PDEs, through polynomial projections.