Abstract and Applied Analysis
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 863125, 19 pages
Research Article

Constrained Finite Element Methods for Biharmonic Problem

College of Mathematics and Information Science, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325035, China

Received 12 September 2012; Revised 29 November 2012; Accepted 29 November 2012

Academic Editor: Allan Peterson

Copyright © 2012 Rong An and Xuehai Huang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents some constrained finite element approximation methods for the biharmonic problem, which include the symmetric interior penalty method, the nonsymmetric interior penalty method, and the nonsymmetric superpenalty method. In the finite element spaces, the continuity across the interelement boundaries is obtained weakly by the constrained condition. For the symmetric interior penalty method, the optimal error estimates in the broken norm and in the norm are derived. However, for the nonsymmetric interior penalty method, the error estimate in the broken norm is optimal and the error estimate in the norm is suboptimal because of the lack of adjoint consistency. To obtain the optimal error estimate, the nonsymmetric superpenalty method is introduced and the optimal error estimate is derived.