Electronic Research Archive for Mathematics

Jahrbuch Database

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2005 PAM Division Award
Update june 2007
Years 1868-1942
17 772 links to facsimiles
Einstein-Jahr 2005
Informatik-Jahr 2006


About the Jahrbuch Project
Letters to the editor


The following HELP messages are available to obtain information on ERAM:


The database contains volumes 1 to 68 (1868-1942) of the "Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik" with additional data and links to selected articles and books in fulltext.

New data of experts (classification, keywords and titles in English) will be added to the database continuously. Also, error checking and corrections will be done.

For the detailed project description see The Jahrbuch-Project.

Comments are welcome! We shall appreciate applications of additional experts. Please write to:

         Prof. Dr. B. Wegner
         c/o Fachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe
         Dept. of Mathematics and Computer Science (Berlin)
         Franklinstraße 11
         D-10589 Berlin
         Phone    (+49) 30 / 392 7026
         FAX      (+49) 30 / 392 7009
         e-mail or

For a summary of all information available by this HELP facility please see the DIRECTORY of this document.

Help Desk

If you need additional HELP you can correspond with to the following address:

         Prof. Dr. B. Wegner
         c/o Fachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe
         Dept. of Mathematics and Computer Science (Berlin)
         Franklinstraße 11
         D-10589 Berlin
         Phone    (+49) 30 / 392 7026
         FAX      (+49) 30 / 392 7009


The DISPLAY fields which you may see in records of ERAM are summarized below.

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.


The searchable fields of the database ERAM which are displayed in the standard search menu are listed below.

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.


A simple form of proximity searching is available for this database, in the following text fields: BI, TI, SO. A group of consecutive words may be searched for by selecting "contains the expression".

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

Accession Number

The accession number AN of the ERAM is closely related to the "Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik":
  • the first 2 digits refer to the Jahrbuch-Volume number
  • the 4 digit behind the full stop represent the page in the "Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik"
  • the last 2 digits are the number of review on this page
                        JFM 02.0341.01
The search can be restricted to a single volume by entering, for example
                       JFM 02.*
in the JFM. Nr. field.

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.


The description of mathematical contents within the records of ERAM requires the use of a formatting language which is capable of presenting special characters, formulae and formatting instructions. The most widely used and best known language for these purposes is TeX. Therefore TeX is used in the encoding of the data for ERAM. However, a TeX-implementation on your computer is not a necessary condition for ERAM to run.

But if high output quality is asked for, if it is desired to get output in a form similar to the printed version of "Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik", then viewers for DVI, PostScript or PDF should be available on the system.

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

BI - Basic Index

The Basic Index is the main tool in the subject search of ERAM as a bibliographic text-oriented database.

This index contain all single words of the fields describing the contents of the document.

The following fields are included in the Basic Index:

AU - Author(s), Editors, Author References

Author names have been implemented in a form common to all STN databases, i.e. last name, first name, middle name. First and middle names can or cannot be abbreviated. When searching for an author's name, it is recommended to use only the first initial. You will get all forms of the first names, because the system adds automatically a truncation symbol. Thus, the following forms of implementation are possible: Examples:
  Friedrich Wilhelm Mahle    as    Mahle, F.
                                   Mahle, F. W.
                                   Mahle, Friedrich
                                   Mahle, Friedrich W.
                                   Mahle, Friedrich Wilhelm
  and as an Editor (e.g.)          Mahle, Friedrich W. (ed.)
The recommended search form is:
                                   Mahle, F
The system will automatically search for
                                   Mahle, F*
Names containing a preposition (von, van), article (le), combination of article and preposition (du, vander), relationships or attributes (Fitz, Mac, Jun., III) have the format common to their country of origin. It is therefore recommended to search for names with the supplements placed in front of the name and after the name.
     Document                            Database Record
     Peter von der Muehl         as      Muehl, Peter von der
     Fritz von Heyden (DE)       as      Heyden, Fritz von
     Fritz Von Heyden (US)       as      Von Heyden, Fritz
     A. De L'Aigle               as      L'Aigle, A de
     C. M. Di Bari               as      Di Bari, C.M.
     Michel Del Pedro            as      Del Pedro, Michel
     L. C. MacLean               as      MacLean, L.C.
     John Fitz Gerald            as      Fitz Gerald, John
     A. Miller jun.              as      Miller, A.jun.
The publisher is also given in the AU field, and is listed with the supplement (ed.).
     Edited by H. Waadeland      as     Waadeland, H.(ed.)
     Editor Anita K. Jones       as     Jones, Anita K.(ed.)

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

TI - Title

The title of the original document is not only contained in the basic index, but also in a special field TI. This is useful in those cases in which users want to limit his search to title words.

The languages of the titles are English, French, German, Dutch, Norwegian, etc.. In many cases there are also English translations.

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

LA - Language

The complete English word for each language can be searched.

List of occuring languages

  Afrikaans     Azerbaijani   Arabic
  Bulgarian     Byelorussian
  Catalan       Chinese       Croatian      Czech
  Danish        Dutch  
  English       Esperanto     Estonian
  Finnish       French
  Georgian      German        Greek
  Latin         Latvian       Lithuanian
  Macedonian    Malay
  Persian       Polish        Portuguese
  Romanian      Russian
  Serbian       Serbo-Croat   Slovak        Slovenian     Spanish
For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

SO - Source

The source field contains the following searchable data:
  • the journal title (abbreviation), volume (roman numbers in volumes 1-26), and pages.
  • the name and the place of the publisher, in some cases also number of pages, illustrations, year and collection title, editor.

All data are parsed into single words and can be searched as text.


  Journal volume: Nouv. Ann. (2) VIII. 97. 1869.
  Books of a publisher: Berlin und Wien: Urban \& Schwarzenberg 
    (Handbuch der biologischen Arbeitsmethoden, herausgegeben von 
     E. Abderhalden). Abt. V, Teil 2, Heft 7; S. 669-830; mit Figuren.
  Dissertation: Dorpat. Diss. 1870.
For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

PY - Publication Year

The publication year is always written in 4 digits. The publication year is noted in brackets in the case we added the year of the 'Jahrbuch' volume, when the source does not contain a publication year.

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

DT - Document type

By means of document type it is possible to separate the main types of publication: Journal article (J), book (B), conference article (CA), Dissertation (D), etc.

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

CC - Classification Code and Text

Most Documents in the Jahrbuch are indexed by codes from the

Mathematics Subject Classification (MSC) 2000

which was prepared jointly by the editorial offices of Mathematical Reviews and Zentralblatt fuer Mathematik/Mathematics Abstracts.

A list of codes and the corresponding text is available.

The corresponding text is included in the Basic Index.

It is also possible to search for the main fields (higher levels) of the classification if you use the first two digits or the first two digits followed by a character in combination with the truncation symbol.


      35J10   searches all papers to  "Schroedinger operator"
      35J*    searches all papers to  "elliptic equations"
      35*     searches all papers to  "partial differential equations"
For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

KW - English Keywords

In all cases where the classification is not specific enough there are added English keywords for a detailed description of the topics . Since we index all literature with English keywords, it is possible to search only in English for the selection of non-English papers and reviews.

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

AB - Review / Abstracts

The description of a document by a review should
  • contain a description of the mathematical content and eventually give applications
  • outline references to thematically related work and,
  • if necessary and possible, pronounce criticism of positive as well as negative kind.

All reviews are in German.

The author of a review is mentioned at the end of it.

The review text is inverted in the Basic Index (BI).

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

RV - Reviewer

The name of the reviewer and his home town are searchable.

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

SIG - Library References

Signatories of some German libraries, mostly Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen (<7>) or Technische Informationsbibliothek und Universitätsbibliothek Hannover (<89>).

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.


The (right) truncation symbol * is used to retrieve various forms of your search terms. In the author search the truncation is used automatically (standard menu)

Left truncation is not available.

For other topics please go to the DIRECTORY.

Advanced search


In this mode, automatic truncation of author names is not available.
The form fields can contain a boolean expression buitl with the following operators: & (and), ^ (and not), these two operators having equal priority (highest), | (or) (lower priority).

    a | b & c ==> a | (b & c)
The evaluation order may be changed by using parentheses.

Inter-field operators (selected through the form's menus) are evaluated from left to right without any priority.
The expression:

 Field_A * Field_B * Field_C * Field_D
is always evaluated as:
 ((Field_A * Field_B) * Field_C) * Field_D
"*" being one the operators and, or, and not.

Author : Wiles,*
or Author : Taylor,*
and Title : Fermat

will find items:

  1. having in the Author field Taylor or Wiles
  2. having the word Fermat in the title field.
Title : Fermat
and Author : Wiles,*
or Author : Taylor,*

will find :

  1. items with the word Fermat in the title field and authored by Wiles
  2. plus items authored by Taylor.
The first request may also be entered as follows:
Author : Wiles,* | Taylor,*
and Title : Fermat

The command language allows more complex queries.

Command language

This mode allows complex boolean queries.

The searchable field names are (lowercase):
Name Description
an Accession number: JFM- item number
au Author name
bi Basic index
cc Mathematical subject classification code
dt Document type
kw Keywords
la Language
py Publication year
sh Subject heading (in German)
so Source (Journal, Publisher...)
ti Title words

cc = 58g* & an = 885* All about section "58G" in volume 885
cc = 58g* & py = 1996:1998 All about section "58G" for years 1996 to 1998
au = (bender,* ^ canfield,*) The author is Bender, without Canfield
au = (bender,* ^ canfield,*) | au = (canfield,* ^ bender,*) The author is Bender or Canfield, but not both
au = ((bender,* ^ canfield,*) | (canfield,* ^ bender,*)) same query as above
au = ((bender,* ^ canfield,*) | (canfield,* ^ bender,*)) & py >= 1997 same query, but the item has been published after 1996
ti = (riemann* & (manifold* | variete*)) 
ti = riemann* & manifold*  Syntax error. The correct query is: ti = (riemann* & manifold*)
ti = riemann* manifold*  Expression search: will find "riemannian manifold", "riemannian manifolds", etc...
bi = (bose einstein | einstein bose)  ...
ti = (fermi dirac ^ bose einstein)  ...

Formal Syntax

   find_expression ::= field_expression
                   ::= find_expression bool_op field_expression

   bool_op ::= '&' | '|' | '^'

   field_expression ::= name '=' '(' bool_expr ')'
                    ::= name rel_op string
                    ::= name '=' string ':' string
                    ::= '(' find_expression ')'

   rel_op ::= '<' | '<=' | '>' | '>='

   bool_expr ::= term
             ::= bool_expr '|' term

   term ::= factor
        ::= term '&' factor
        ::= term '^' factor

   factor ::= string
          ::= '(' bool_expr ')'

  au = berard*
  au = (berard* & besson*)
  au = (berard* | (besson* & gallot*))
  au = (berard* | webb*) ^ ti = rieman* manifold*
Copyright Jahrbuch Project : © 2001 European Mathematical Society.
[edbm/w3] Retrieval & display software : © 2001 Cellule MathDoc, UJF & CNRS.